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Getting Started with the Science of Reading: What is Orthographic Mapping text on the left. On the right is a breakdown of the word hat from written, to sounds, to word reading with a visual hat icon.

What is Orthographic Mapping? Getting Started with SoR

How are we able to instantly recognize words? We can recognize them whether they’re in uppercase, lowercase, or even mixed case. We’re also able to recognize them in a wide variety of fonts, even cursive script. We are able to recognize them, not because we’ve stored pictures of them in our minds, but because we are good at two things: decoding and orthographic mapping. Orthographic mapping is the process our brains do naturally to store

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Ehri’s Phases of Word Reading Development: Getting Started with SoR

Last week we looked at Scarborough’s Rope. For the next several weeks, we’re going to focus on the word recognition strand. First up, is Ehri’s Phases for Reading Development. Dr. Linnea Ehri is a professor of psychology and has been studying the development of reading for over 4 decades. In her research, she identified 5 phases of reading skills development now commonly known as Ehri’s Phases or Ehri’s Phases of Reading Development. One note- this

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Getting Started with the science of Reading: Scarborough's Reading Rope text with visual rope model showing the weaving of the top and bottom strands of language comprehension and word recognition.

Scarborough’s Rope: Getting Started with SoR

Continuing on in my Introduction to Science of Reading series, this post explores Scarborough’s Rope and its components. Similar to The Simple View of Reading, Scarborough’s Rope goes into more detail into the specific skills needed for effective reading comprehension. It essentially deconstructs the Simple View. With that said, it was not created off of the Simple View of Reading; they both just have the same major components. The Simple View is just that – simple. 

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Getting Started with the Science of Reading: The Simple View of Reading

The Simple View of Reading: Getting Started with SoR

We know reading is a complicated task, and teaching reading is just as much, if not more, complex. In 1986, Philip Gough and Bill Tunmer, proposed an easy way to understand the complex combination of skills we used to read. They called it The Simple View of Reading.  It’s simple because there are only two parts. When you see words on a page, what happens? You convert those written combinations of letters into words you

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5 Pillars of Reading and the NRP: Getting Started with SoR

First up in my Getting Started with the Science of Reading series is the 5 Pillars of Reading and the National Reading Panel. In 1997, Congress asked NIH’s branch of Child Development & Behavior to work with the US Department of Education to establish a National Reading Panel. Its intention: to evaluate existing research and evidence to the find best ways to teach our nation’s children to read. They desired an end to the “reading

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